Florida statutes point out the difference between motorized scooters, motor scooters, mopeds, and motorized bicycles. According to Laws of Florida “motor vehicle” is “any self-propelled vehicle not operated upon rails or guideway, but not including any bicycle, motorized scooter, electric personal assistive mobility device, or moped.”
Motorized bicycle is defined as a vehicle propelled by a combination of human power and an electric helper motor capable of propelling the vehicle at a speed of not more than 20 mph on level ground.
Moped is “any vehicle with pedals to permit propulsion by human power, having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels; with a motor rated not in excess of 2 brake horsepower and not capable of propelling the vehicle at a speed greater than 30 mph on level ground; and with a power-drive system that functions directly or automatically without clutching or shifting gears by the operator after the drive system is engaged.” These vehicles can be operated on the roadways, no title is required, but registration is. However, if the top speed is limited to 20 mph even if it looks like a moped, it can be classified as electric bikes and thereby avoid the registration requirements for mopeds (e.g. Gigabyke Groove fits this category).
A Motorized scooter is any vehicle or micro-mobility device that is powered by a motor; it can come with or without a seat or saddle for the rider, and has less than three wheels, and is not capable of propelling the vehicle at speeds greater than 20 miles per hour on level ground. A motorized scooter, from 6.18.2019 and onward, doesn’t require licensing, registration, insurance or a driver’s license.
Motor scooters (like Razor EcoSmart Metro) are motor vehicles, so they are allowed on Florida roadways.
Update: As of 6/18/2019, Gov. Ron DeSantis signed a bill that legalized electric scooter sharing in Florida. The House Bill 453 is effective immediately. E-scooter companies such as Bird, Lime, Jump and Spin can operate anywhere under the regulation of Florida counties, cities and towns. This is a big win for the scooter sharing companies, but local governments and cities in Florida still have the final say if they’ll allow rideshare scooters on their streets.
Also, motorized scooters are now permitted in the streets and bike lanes after the legislation lifted a restriction that previously limited them to sidewalks.